Vitamin-rich foods deficiency

importance of vitamins

Vitamin-rich foods deficiency
Vitamin-rich foods deficiency

Vitamin-rich foods deficiency and excess

What is Vitamin?

Vitamin-rich foods deficiency Vitamins are organic compounds that we need in the diet in a small amount for normal growth and metabolism. Different types of vitamins are good for humans bodies in various ways.

Beneficial effects of Vitamins in different diseases

  • Antioxidant vitamins (Vitamin A, C, E) are good for cardiovascular disease or cancer.
  • High dose of Vitamin A and Vitamin C for smokers.
  • Vitamin D (high dose) can help people living in areas of low sunlight, people with Rickets, Osteomalacia, and Osteoporosis diseases.
  • Folic acid and Vitamin B 12 & 6 could be beneficial for the prevention of cardiovascular diseases.
  • Supplementation of folic acid in women who are trying to get pregnant or in pregnant mothers can prevent neural tube defects in infants.
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Below are vitamin types and foods that are rich in them. 

Vitamin A

Yellow pigmented fruits and vegetables are rich in Vitamin A.

  • Mango,
  • papaya,
  • pumpkin,
  • sweet potato and
  • carrot

Non-veggie foods

  • liver,
  • fish oil,
  • egg yolk

Dairy products 

  • milk
  • butter

Vitamin A deficiency can result in blindness and eye-related diseases.

Vitamin D 

Sunlight is the source of vitamin D.

  • cod liver oil,
  • butter,
  • egg yolk and
  • milk.

Vitamin D supplements can cure bone diseases.

Vitamin E

A rich source of vitamin E is vegetable oil.

  • Wheat germ,
  • sunflower seed,
  • cottonseed, corn,
  • soybean oil and
  • cereal grains

Good for skin diseases.

Vitamin C

  • citrus and soft fruits
  • growing points of vegetables

Vitamin C is important in treating muscle weakness, soft, swollen, bleeding gums, loosening of teeth, poor wound healing, and anemia.

Vitamin K

  • dark leafy vegetables
  • dairy products
  • liver and
  • bacon

It is essential in hemorrhagic diseases of newborns.

Vitamin B Complex

 B1

  • cereal grains
  • unpolished rice
  • whole wheat
  • liver
  • kidney
  • heart and
  • lean cut pork

The deficiency of Vitamin B1 can get wet beriberi or dry beriberi.

B2

  • milk
  • dairy products
  • liver
  • yeast
  • eggs
  • meat
  • germinating seeds
  • young growing plants and
  • green plants

B2 deficiency can cause angular stomatitis, glossitis, photophobia, and painful feet. Vitamin-rich foods deficiency 

B3

  • yeast
  • meat
  • liver
  • peanuts
  • legume seeds and
  • cereals

Pellagra -3D syndrome (diarrhea, dementia, dermatitis) is common in a deficiency state. Vitamin-rich foods deficiency

B6

  • Liver
  • fish
  • whole grains
  • nuts
  • legumes
  • eggs yolk and
  • yeast

A deficiency state is associated with microcytic hypochromic anemia.

B12

  • liver
  • kidney
  • muscle meat
  • milk and
  • eggs

Deficiency can be common in a vegan diet even though it is rare.

Folic Acid

  • green leafy vegetables
  • liver
  • yeast and
  • kidney

Megaloblastic macrocytic anemia and neural tube defect are common in the B12 deficiency state. Vitamin-rich foods deficiency

Danger of Vitamins

Supplementations of vitamins can also be harmful.

  • Lipid soluble vitamins are polar hydrophobic molecules, which are all isoprene derivatives. Vitamin-rich foods deficiency
  • A high dose of Vitamin A causes reduced bone density, hepatotoxicity, and teratogenic effect.
  • Supplementation of provitamin A to smokers is harmful to lung cancer mortality. 
  • Hypervitaminosis can cause toxic effects on CNS and liver.
  • Excess intake of Vitamin D can increase cancer risk.
  • Renal stone is the result of excess Vitamin C intake.
  • Vitamin B3 excess can cause hepatotoxicity which is reversible on withdrawal. Vitamin-rich foods deficiency

To conclude, vitamins are essential elements for human beings. So, it is important that we need to be careful of both deficiency and excess state of vitamins. 

– KKul

 

1 COMMENT

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